[92] After listing several organ works in which Bach showed himself a pupil of Buxtehude, Frescobaldi, and various contemporary Italian composers, Schweitzer describes the Toccata and Fugue in D minor as a work in which the composer rises to independent mastery:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, In the D minor toccata and fugue, the strong and ardent spirit has finally realised the laws of form. This section segues into the third and final section of the Toccata, which consists almost entirely of a passage doubled at the sixth and comprising reiterations of the same three-note figure, similar to doubled passages in the first section. However, starting with the Toccata and Fugue and the Sorcerer's Apprentice, Stokowski, Disney and the music critic Deems Taylor chose other compositions to incorporate into their film project, known as "The Concert Piece." The initial statements of the subject and countersubject are called the exposition which is followed by the development where the subject and countersubject are presented in many ways.

Here, Classical organist Hans-André Stamm plays Bach: Toccata and Fugue in d minor on the Trost-Organ of the Stadtkirche in Waltershausen, Germany. This resolves into a D major chord:[10], Three short passages follow, each reiterating a short motif and doubled at the octave. The edition was conceived and partly prepared by Felix Mendelssohn, who had BWV 565 in his repertoire already by 1830. A single dramatic ground-thought unites the daring passage work of the toccata, that seems to pile up like wave on wave; and in the fugue the intercalated passages in broken chords only serve to make the climax all the more powerful. [140] Roger Bullivant thought the fugue too simple for Bach and saw characteristics that were incompatible with his style:[130], These doubts about the authorship of BWV 565 were elaborated by Peter Williams in a 1981 article. [36], In 1980, Peter Williams wrote about BWV 565 in the first volume of his The Organ Music of J.S.Bach. Stokowski’s first 78rpm disc of 1927 was an international best-seller which introduced the music to many record collectors. [19][20], As was common practice for German music of the 17th century, the intended registration is not specified, and performers' choices vary from simple solutions such as organo pleno to exceedingly complex ones, like those described by Harvey Grace. [102], Around the same time as Grace made comparisons with an orchestral version in his performance suggestions, Edward Elgar was producing orchestrations of two organ pieces by Bach, which did not include BWV 565.

Bach wrote several toccatas and they’re emotionally charged works. [2][8], The title page of Ringk's manuscript writes the title of the work in Italian as Toccata con Fuga, names Johann Sebastian Bach as the composer of the piece, and indicates its tonality as "ex. Such defects show a carelessness deemed typical of Kellner, who left over 60 copies of works by Bach. [45] In 1912, BWV 565 was published in the second volume, containing works of Bach's "first master period". [10], The Toccata begins with a single-voice flourish in the upper ranges of the keyboard, doubled at the octave.

It’s one of the milestones of musical literature. "BWV 565: a toccata in D minor for organ by J. S. [22][154], Recordings of BWV 565 that have appeared on popular music charts include Sky's 1980 rock-inspired recording (#83 on Billboard Hot 100, #5 on UK Singles Chart)[155] and Vanessa-Mae's 1996 violin recording (#24 on the Billboard charts). "Statistik der Concerte im Saale des Gewandhauses zu Leipzig", Stauffer, George B. Bach’s take on the toccata is typical in that it has a great many fast arpeggios (notes of a chord played in a series rather than simultaneously) and runs up and down the keyboard but otherwise is generally free form and gives the composer much latitude for personal expression. In the meantime, Williams had written a 1981 article on the authenticity of BWV 565, followed by numerous publications by other scholars on the same topic. Even if you don’t know what a fugue is, you’ve heard them many times, from Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony to Handel’s Messiah. Although only 17 bars long, it progresses through five tempo changes. Your email address will not be published. or Prelude and Fugue. [86] In Karl Hermann Bitter's 1865 Bach-biography, BWV 565 is only listed in an appendix. In another Disney film, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, Captain Nemo (played by James Mason) performs the piece on an organ. So I hope you enjoy the performance of Bach’s Toccata in E Minor which accompanies this article. [10], German organ schools are distinguished into north German (e.g.

[31] It has been presented as an emanation of the galant style, yet too dramatic to be anything near that style. Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 565 – the best known "Toccata and Fugue", for organ; Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 538 a.k.a.