There were 10,005 families (46.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.92. There were 21,657 households, out of which 4,817 (22.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,310 (33.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,833 (8.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 862 (4.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. After Huntington Beach, California, trademarked the "Surf City USA" name, Santa Cruz politicians tried to stop the mark from being registered by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office because of a 10-year-old controversy over Santa Cruz's nickname "Surf City. Wharf to Wharf Race — An annual race which has been held for more than three decades.

The Costanos (anglicized as "Costanoan") people spoke eight known dialects, each defining a different tribelet area. [48], Occupy Santa Cruz formed as an autonomous organization in solidarity with the worldwide Occupy movement, a broad-based protest against economic and social inequality. "[65], Santa Cruz has one of the highest rates of homelessness in the US, with 9,041 estimated homeless in Santa Cruz county in 2011, approximately 3.5% of the total county population. Most of the rest of the coastline of Santa Cruz lies adjacent to the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Examples from that era include the Santa Cruz Operation (later Tarantella, Inc.), Plantronics, Parallel Computers, Inc., and a number of others. Geographically constrained between the Santa Cruz Mountains and the Monterey Bay, the narrow transportation corridor served by SR 1, California's Pacific Coast Highway, suffers excessive congestion. The median age in Santa Cruz is 28.7 years, 29.3 years for males, and 27.9 years for females. A slight population decline occurred in 1920, but by the next census, the population was on the upswing once again. About 6.6% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. Consequently, Pacific Avenue serves as an outlet for the artistic and unique culture[citation needed] that Santa Cruz possesses. Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, traveling with the expedition, noted in his diary that, "This river was named San Lorenzo." Natural Bridges State Marine Reserve is a marine protected area off the coast at the northern edge of Santa Cruz. Mission lands were broken into land grants during the 1830s and 1840s. Click the Quick Info  icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error. The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.81%. [107] In 2009 Steve Marble, of Los Angeles Times' L.A. Now news blog, wrote an article The real Surf City?

[80] There are also five community parks and eighteen neighborhood parks. The Santa Cruz surf shops continue to print T-shirts, and the Visitor's Bureau retains the right to use the trademark. Santa Cruz (/ˈsæntə ˈkruːz/; Spanish for 'Holy Cross') is the county seat and largest city of Santa Cruz County, California. Three other rancho boundaries later became part of the modern city limits: Rancho Refugio on the west.

California was the first portion of the territory to become a state, in 1850. Pogonip Open Space is located adjacent to the University of California, Santa Cruz. [4] Important early industries included lumber, gunpowder, lime and agriculture. Like underwater parks, marine protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems. It was named "El Arroyo de la Santisima Cruz, which translates literally as "The Stream of the Most Holy Cross").

However, Bolivia's seat of government is in La Paz, a city with a population of close to 800,000 residents. The average household size was 2.39. During the 19th century, Elihu Anthony came to the area and helped the city grow and thrive with the establishment of a Protestant church, commercial blocks, and a blacksmith foundry. As the missions closed, most of the remaining neophytes living at the missions became laborers on the ranchos that inherited the former mission lands. ", "Getting results with low-budget media activism", "Riot breaks out in downtown Santa Cruz; windows broken on dozens of businesses, porch of cafe set on fire", "Occupy Santa Cruz takes over vacant building on River Street", "Legal battle drags on: More than a year after the 75 River St. occupation, four defendants remain embroiled in ongoing case", "Santa Cruz County Bank snags new home in vacant building downtown", "Sinking Santa Cruz: climate change threatens famed California beach town", "Don't let anyone tell you tech is new in Santa Cruz!

There are 55,934 adults, (7,500 of whom are seniors) in Santa Cruz. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.02% of the population. Mission farming and grazing lands, which once extended from the San Lorenzo River north along the coast to approximately today's Santa Cruz County border, were taken away and broken up into large land grants called ranchos. These will update throughout the night, but some results may not be determined for … The Spanish called them "Costanos". The population grew to over 25,000 according to the 1960 poll and had more than doubled by the year 2000. The population density includes 1,682.2/km2 (4,356.0/sq mi).


The per capita income for the city was $25,758. [6], In the United States House of Representatives, Santa Cruz is split between California's 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo, and California's 20th congressional district, represented by Democrat Jimmy Panetta. The population during the 19th century rose to over 5,500 people. This collection of activists organized the "Myth California Pageant" in the 1980s protesting "the objectification of women and the glorification of the beauty myth. Rancho Potrero Y Rincon de San Pedro Regalado consisted mostly of flat, river-bottom pasture land north of Mission Hill ("potrero" translates as "pasture"). [21], Elihu Anthony (1818–1905) arrived in Santa Cruz, California in 1847[22] and opened many firsts for the city of Santa Cruz; including the first Protestant Church, the first blacksmith foundry, he built the first wharf and was the first postmaster. Late in the 19th century, Santa Cruz established itself as a beach resort community. [61], A 2013 news article noted that Santa Cruz had the highest property crime rates per capita for medium and large-sized cities in the state of California,[62][63] in addition to some of the highest violent crime rates in the state of California for medium and large-sized cities. [105] None of these registrations of the trademark are on the principal register, but on the secondary register, which means that Huntington Beach has no exclusive right to assert ownership over the "Surf City USA" trademark. Occupy Santa Cruz was most active in the fall of 2011, and included over a thousand active members at its peak.