For who hath known the mind of the Lord?--See Job 15:8 , Jeremiah 23:18 . For this purpose it was, that in the destruction of Jerusalem the whole Jewish nation was not exterminated: Except, said our blessed Lord, those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elects sake those days shall be shortened, Matthew 24:22. Then he has taken a branch from a wild olive tree. So, if you no longer trust him, he will not let you stay either. consecrated, set apart to sacred uses. This reason, however, is not conclusive, and those who build on such a foundation show little knowledge of Scripture. 11. He has put that wild branch into the farmer's tree, to become part of that tree. Yet have now obtained mercy.
These have embraced the Gospel, and are saved by grace, and not by the works of the law, Romans 11:6. Besides, all that follows to the end of the chapter seems to show that while the Grace of God to guilty men in Christ Jesus is presupposed to be the whole theme of this chapter, that which called forth the special admiration of the apostle, after sketching at some length the divine purposes and methods in the bestowment of this grace, was "the depth of the riches of God's wisdom and knowledge" in these purposes and methods. The election here spoken of is not the election to eternal life, as that of the remnant according to the election of grace, verse 5. And severity of God - As χρηστοτης, goodness, signifies the essential quality of the Divine nature, the fountain of all good to men and angels, so αποτομια, severity, as it is here translated, signifies that particular exercise of his goodness and holiness which leads him to sever from his mystical body whatsoever would injure, corrupt, or destroy it. But God still loves Israel's people, because he has chosen them as his own people. God hath not cast away His people which He foreknew. 22. The reason is, I will put My law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and will be their God, and they shall be My people. Here is a manifest distinction between this and the former covenant, in which the law was written outwardly in tables of stone; and therefore violated, as not being put in the hearts of the people. This was implied in his being an Israelite, but it is not needless tautology. For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief; Here, and in the following verse, the Apostle produces the last confirmation of his assertion that God had not cast away His people, which is further referred to in the 32nd verse, and is to this effect: as the Gentiles have experienced mercy after a long period of alienation from God, in like manner the Jews will at last receive mercy. Some of the branches were cut off, that the branches of this wild olive might be inserted: the act by which this insertion is made is termed αποτομια, goodness, benignity: the act by which the branches of the original stock are broken off is termed αποτομια, excision; from απο, from, and τεμνω, I cut, still keeping the metaphor taken from engrafting in view.
how he maketh intercession--"pleadeth" against Israel--(The word "saying," which follows, as also the particle "and" before "digged down," should be omitted, as without manuscript authority). Because, therefore, this foreknowledge of God necessarily implies and involves His decrees, His foreknowledge is in the inspired writings sometimes accompanied by the mention of His decrees; as, for example, Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain, Acts 2:23.
; Ezekiel 28:25, Ezekiel 28:26; Ezekiel 34:20, etc. John Piper Mar 28, 2004 1.8K Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. And as they bear most directly upon the state and security of Christians, he designates them in the beginning of the next chapter the mercies of God, involving all the blessings in store for Jews and Gentiles, and constituting the foundation and support of all his exhortations to practical duty. It is the duty of the Christian to take Gods character as it is given by Himself. The Jews, the natural branches, were broken off from the true olive, and the Gentiles having been grafted in, in their place, must walk uprightly, else they also shall be cut off, Romans 11:21, Romans 11:22. And what he here says is that God's purpose was to shut each of these divisions of men to the experience first of an humbled, condemned state, without Christ, and then to the experience of His mercy in Christ. But when they were reminded that God in reality is infinitely more amiable and more valuable than the whole creation, and that consequently, if He views things as they really are, He must regard Himself as infinitely worthy of being more valued and loved, they saw that this truth was incontrovertible. 26 When that has happened, God will save all Israel's people.
But the other people of Israel became unable to understand God's message. The "knowledge," then, points probably to the vast sweep of divine comprehension herein displayed; the "wisdom" to that fitness to accomplish the ends intended, which is stamped on all this procedure. The Gospel shall he again sent to them, as it has now been sent to the Gentiles, Romans 11:30-32. These things are so directly contrary to each other that they cannot be blended together. Ignorance of the Scriptures is the cause of high-mindedness in Christians.
The Apostle having, from the beginning of the 17th verse, pressed upon the believing Gentiles the necessity of humility, now reverts to the subject of the future conversion of the Jews. Ver. Amen. ii. He has everything! Why shall it not be broken as the first covenant was? By doing so, His gratuitous mercy was revealed anew, and exhibited to men and angels. is frequent among the Jewish writers, when they wish to call the attention of men to particular displays of God's mercy, especially towards those who are singularly unworthy. He here addresses the Gentiles as his brethren, thus expressing his affection for them, and stimulates their attention, by declaring that he was about to reveal to them a mystery a thing hitherto hidden or unknown.