Acid Names H2SO4 sulfuric acid HClO4 perchloric acid H2SO3 sulfurous acid HClO3 chloric acid HNO3 nitric acid HClO2 chlorous acid ... -nitrate ion HClO 2-chlorite ion NO2-nitrite ion HClO-hypochlorite ion PO4 3-phosphate ion HSO 4-hydrogen sulfate ion PO3 3-phosphite ion HCO 3 Addition of chlorine to water gives both hydrochloric acid (HCl) and hypochlorous acid (HOCl): Since all these acids have the same cation, H +, we don't need to name the cation.
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, Naming Covalent Compounds Naming Binary Ionic Compounds Polyatomic Ions Naming with Polyatomic Ions Naming with Roman Numerals Formula Writing Naming Acids.
HNO2, which contains the polyatomic ion nitrite, is called nitrous acid. The names of these ions add hydrogen in front of
Name each of the following acids: HClO 4 perchloric acid: HCOOH formic acid: H 3 PO 4 phosphoric acid: HCl (aq) hydrochloric acid: H 3 BO 3 boric acid: H 2 SO 4 sulfuric acid: HNO 2 nitrous acid: HI (aq) hydroiodic acid: CH 3 COOH acetic acid: HF (aq) hydrofluoric acid: It is highly recommended to remember various polyatomic ions and such for this step.
It is a powerful oxidizer when hot, but aqueous solutions up to approximately 70% by weight at room temperature are generally safe, only showing strong acid features and no oxidizing properties. Usually found as an aqueous solution, this colorless compound is a stronger acid than sulfuric acid and nitric acid. Rules for Naming Oxyacids (anion contains the element oxygen): HNO3, which contains the polyatomic ion nitrate, is called nitric acid. ; The acid name comes from the root name of the anion name.
Rules for Naming Acids that Do Not Contain Oxygen in the Anion:.
Perchloric acid is a mineral acid with the formula HClO4.
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The number of hydrogens is = to the anion's charge.HX --> H+ + XORH+ + Anion (Cation + Anion)2.
Perchloric acid …
Anion Name Acid Name ClO– hypochlorite ion HClO hypochlorous acid ClO 2 – chlorite ion HClO 2 chlorous acid ClO 3 – chlorate ion HClO 3 chloric acid ClO 4 – perchlorate HClO 4 perchloric acid Acid anions have H atoms that they can lose as H+ in water. google_ad_client = "pub-0644478549845373";
When dissolved in water, acids produce H+ ions (also called protons, since removing the single electron from a neutral hydrogen atom leaves behind one proton). So if the formula has hydrogen written first, then this usually indicates that the hydrogen is an H+ cation and that the compound is an acid. Rules for Naming Acids that Do Not Contain Oxygen in the Anion: HCl, which contains the anion chloride, is called hydrochloric acid. google_ad_height = 60;