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[4] The female incubates the eggs alone for 10–17 days, and after hatching a similar time elapses until the young fledge. Ideal for any project that requires song thrush, water, bathing.

The juvenile resembles the adult, but has buff or orange streaks on the back and wing coverts. Read video transcript. It also gave rise to Albion's early nickname, The Throstles. [11], The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, "Power capabilities of the avian sound-producing system", "Differences in behaviour of closely related thrushes (, "A Review of the impact of Mammalian Predators on Farm Songbird Population Dynamics", "Estudio con microscopia electrónica de barrido de adultos de, "Occurrence of avian haematozoa in Ekaterinburg and Irkutsk districts of Russia", "Further observations on the significance of wild birds as hosts of, International Journal of Medical Microbiology, "Migratory Passerine Birds as Reservoirs of Lyme Borreliosis in Europe", "Bird casualties on European roads — a review", "The Darkling Thrush: A Centennial Appreciation", "Bird remains from a rock-shelter in Krucza Skala (Central Poland)", "Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations – Directive 79/409/EEC – Conservation of wild birds – Hunting using limed twigs – Summary of the Judgment", "El Tribunal de la UE condena a España por permitir la caza con 'parany' en la Comunidad Valenciana", Ageing and sexing (PDF; 1.7 MB) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta & Gerd-Michael Heinze, Feathers of Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos),, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 20:25. Try the latest version of Chrome, Firefox, Edge or Safari. [15], Birds of the nominate subspecies were introduced to New Zealand and Australia by acclimatisation societies between 1860 and 1880, apparently for purely sentimental reasons. She lays four or five bright glossy blue eggs which are lightly spotted with black or purple;[11] they are typically 2.7 cm × 2.0 cm (1.06 in × 0.79 in) size and weigh 6.0 g (0.21 oz), of which 6% is shell.

"[48] Hunting continues today around the Mediterranean, but is not believed to be a major factor in this species' decline in parts of its range. Lest you should think he never could recapture A song thrush feasts on berries. [50][51], Up to at least the nineteenth century the song thrush was kept as a cage bird because of its melodious voice. It is omnivorous and has the habit of using a favourite stone as an "anvil" on which to break open the shells of snails.

[11], The song thrush has a short, sharp tsip call, replaced on migration by a thin high seep, similar to the redwing's call but shorter. [11], The song thrush breeds in most of Europe (although not in the greater part of Iberia, lowland Italy or southern Greece), and across the Ukraine and Russia almost to Lake Baikal. [34], The song thrush is omnivorous, eating a wide range of invertebrates, especially earthworms and snails, as well as soft fruit and berries. [11], The grove Snail (Cepaea nemoralis) is regularly eaten by the song thrush, and its polymorphic shell patterns have been suggested as evolutionary responses to reduce predation;[36] however, song thrushes may not be the only selective force involved. It has brown upper-parts and black-spotted cream or buff underparts and has three recognised subspecies.

Mimicry may include the imitation of man-made items like telephones,[14] and the song thrush will also repeat the calls of captive birds, including exotics such as the white-faced whistling duck.

Download Song thrush female sitting in water with reflection in fall Photos by WildMediaSK. [37], The song thrush has an extensive range, estimated at 10 million square kilometres (3.8 million square miles), and a large population, with an estimated 40 to 71 million individuals in Europe alone.

[16] In New Zealand, where it was introduced on both the main islands, the song thrush quickly established itself and spread to surrounding islands such as the Kermadecs, Chatham and Auckland Islands. Feathered brown animal resting in lake.

[35] The nestlings are mainly fed on animal food such as worms, slugs, snails and insect larvae. Her name is derived from the Ancient Greek Φιλο philo- (loving), and μέλος melos (song). A Song Thrush can be easily recognised by its brown upper parts and cream coloured, heavily spotted under parts.

[11], The most similar European thrush species is the redwing (T. iliacus), but that bird has a strong white supercilium, red flanks, and shows a red underwing in flight.

[18] In New Zealand, there appears to be a limited detrimental effect on some invertebrates due to predation by introduced bird species,[19] and the song thrush also damages commercial fruit crops in that country.

T. p. hebridensis, described by British ornithologist William Eagle Clarke in 1913, is a mainly sedentary (non-migratory) form found in the Outer Hebrides and Isle of Skye in Scotland. They are less closely related to other European thrush species such as the blackbird (T. merula) which are descended from ancestors that had colonised the Caribbean islands from Africa and subsequently reached Europe from there.

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The thrush often uses a favorite stone as an "anvil" on which to break the shell of the snail before extracting the soft body and invariably wiping it on the ground before consumption.

[39] In gardens, the use of poison bait to control slugs and snails may pose a threat. [20] As an introduced species it has no legal protection in New Zealand, and can be killed at any time. [23] Young birds initially flick objects and attempt to play with them until they learn to use anvils as tools to smash snails.

These changes may have reduced the availability of food and of nest sites. The male's song, given from trees, rooftops or other elevated perches, is a loud clear run of musical phrases, repeated two to four times, filip filip filip codidio codidio quitquiquit tittit tittit tereret tereret tereret, and interspersed with grating notes and mimicry. She lays four or five bright glossy blue eggs which are lightly spotted with black or purple; [11] they are typically 2.7 cm × 2.0 cm (1.06 in × 0.79 in) size and weigh 6.0 g (0.21 oz), of which 6% is shell.

[6] Mavis is derived via Middle English mavys and Old French mauvis from Middle Breton milhuyt meaning "thrush. The song thrush breeds in forests, gardens and parks, and is partially migratory with many birds wintering in southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; it has also been introduced into New Zealand and Australia.

[1], In the western Palaearctic, there is evidence of population decline, but at a level below the threshold required for global conservation concern (i.e., a reduction in numbers of more than 30% in ten years or three generations) and the IUCN Red List categorises this species as of "Least Concern".

[33] Some species of Borrelia cause Lyme disease, and ground-feeding birds like the song thrush may act as a reservoir for the disease. [11] Migration may start as early as late August in the most easterly and northerly parts of the range, but the majority of birds, with shorter distances to cover, head south from September to mid-December. Him alone at the end of the lane The typical lifespan is three years, but the maximum recorded age is 10 years 8 months. Singing continuously. [11], Land snails are an especially important food item when drought or hard weather makes it hard to find other food. [11] On average, 54.6% of British juveniles survive the first year of life, and the adult annual survival rate is 62.2%. [4] The dialect names throstle and mavis both mean thrush, being related to the German drossel and French mauvis respectively.

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[9][10], The song thrush has three subspecies, with the nominate subspecies, T. p. philomelos, covering the majority of the species' range. And he is no mean preacher [11], In intensively farmed areas where agricultural practices appear to have made cropped land unsuitable, gardens are an important breeding habitat. However, hard weather may force further movement. [49] In 2003 and 2004 the EU tried, but failed, to stop this practice in the Valencian region. It flies in loose flocks which cross the sea on a broad front rather than concentrating at short crossings (as occurs in the migration of large soaring birds), and calls frequently to maintain contact.