Aim for full coverage on stems without creating runoff. Note that flowering occurs before leaf out in this species. Should I Buy (or Retain) Stockers to Graze Wheat Pasture? A water-soluble colorant should be added to improve tracking and avoid skips and duplicate treatment. Garlon 3A and Vastlan are both water-soluble triclopyr formulations but have different active ingredient concentrations. This approach to invasive plant control will be more successful over a larger scale, not only producing an outcome of higher ecological value, but also creating a much greater sense of accomplishment. <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Contents 19 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1/Annots[159 0 R 30 0 R 42 0 R 50 0 R 62 0 R 69 0 R 75 0 R 81 0 R 87 0 R 93 0 R 99 0 R 105 0 R 111 0 R 117 0 R 123 0 R 129 0 R 136 0 R 142 0 R 148 0 R 154 0 R]/ArtBox[0 0 612 792]/CropBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 164 0 R>> Cross-pollination resulted in fertile offspring with berry-sized fertile fruit. 1 0 obj For more information on invasive plants, visit https://www.okinvasives.org. Management strategies including variety selection, soil nutrients, weed management, hay cutting, curing, baling and marketing for alfalfa crops. The blossoms produce a strong, rancid odor. Oil-based herbicide formulations (1:4 mixture) can be applied to the cut surface and the sides of the stump anytime following cutting, while water-based (1:1 mixture) treatments should be applied to the freshly cut surface immediately after cutting. The Bradford blackbirds, grackles and starlings, which are problematic in urban areas due to defecation Alternate-leaf dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) also flowers alternately but has a unique growth form where its branches emerge in whorls rather than in the tight, upright forks of Callery pear. Timing for optimum agronomic management decisions based on the plant growth stage while factoring in environmental conditions for the growing season. Its ability to form dense thickets results in the shading out of native species, causing Basal bark or cut stump treatments provide a year-round window of opportunity. Leaves: Alternately arranged, rounded or teardrop-shaped, thick, waxy, and approximately 1½ to 3 inches long and wide. Though the plant was initially bred to be spineless, stout, sturdy spines are often found on naturalized individuals. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension.

Photo credit: Eric Burkhart. endobj Oil-based herbicides penetrate the plant’s bark and travel systemically through the plant. Foliar herbicide treatments with a backpack sprayer are an effective means of treating sites with a low to moderate density of trees that are less than 10 feet tall. Plants such as eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis),  American plum (Prunus americana), Mexican plum (Prunus mexicana) and Carolina buckthorn (Frangula caroliniana) are commercially available, beautiful and noninvasive. 2 0 obj After cutting the tree down, flowers also produce an unpleasant smell of rotting fish. Removal of reoccurring isolated individuals is much easier to accomplish as part of a regular maintenance program. Basal bark treatments use a concentrated solution (1:4 mixture) of the herbicide triclopyr ester in basal oil applied to the entire circumference of the lower 12 to 18 inches of the intact stem, treating farther up on larger stems.

have similarly rounded, leathery leaves, but they are oppositely arranged, unlike the alternate arrangement of Callery pear. Agronomic Calendar for Oklahoma Alfalfa Growers, Weed Control in Pecans, Apples and Peaches, Meshing Soybean Weed Management with Agronomic Practices in Oklahoma, Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. An oil-soluble dye should be added to improve tracking and avoid skips and duplicate treatment. Though tolerant of partial shade, Callery pears prefer full sun and are often found along roadsides, in old fields and hedgerows, and along forest edges. with 25 percent herbicide product (approximately 60 percent active ingredient) and Callery pear If you see callery pear for sale, discuss the issue with the nursery owner. pear or Chanticleer pear are common cultivars that show resistance to disease and Apply mixture to cuts with a handheld sprayer. Callery pear are weak trees that are prone to wind and ice damage.

The management calendar for Callery pear is quite flexible. Photos by Dave Jackson and Eric Burkhart. The Eastern Redbud is a good alternative to callery pear.

Flowers: Several white, five-petaled flowers are held together in a ball-shaped bundle, with each flower being about ¾ inch across. Native flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and viburnums (Viburnum spp.) Pennsylvania is at the northernmost edge of its invasion front, with the species being well established throughout the South and Midwest. Due It is also known as “Bradford” pear, a name given to its most widely planted landscaping cultivar. Tiny, pear-shaped fruit flecked with pale dots and green to brown in color.

Year-round (not recommended during periods of heavy sap flow). Mowing is not an effective control method due The leaf edge, or margin, is finely toothed and has a distinct ripple or wave. Pyrus calleryana, or the Callery pear, is a species of pear tree native to China and Vietnam, in the family Rosaceae.It is most commonly known for its cultivar 'Bradford', widely planted throughout the United States and increasingly regarded as an invasive species.. Pyrus calleryana is deciduous, growing to 5 to 8 m (16 to 26 ft) tall, often with a conical to rounded crown. Using a hand sprayer, apply the water-based glyphosate or triclopyr solution, filling the cuts but avoiding excessive runoff. Left: Fissured, scaly bark on a larger tree. Cut stump treatments with oil-soluble triclopyr ester herbicides are applied to the cut surface as well as the sides of the stump and can be applied anytime after the stems are cut. Fruit: Tiny, hard pears each ½ inch in diameter, green to brown in color, flecked with pale dots, and held in the same clusters as the blossoms. %���� This rapidly growing tree provides shade around homes and commercial property

This makes constant surveillance a necessity. One of the first spring trees to bloom in Maryland. entire circumference of the stem with a solution of 25 percent triclopyr ester (approximately Unlike the oil-based herbicides, water-based treatments are only applied to the freshly cut surface and must be made immediately after the stems are cut. the leaves emerge. Prepared by Skylure Templeton, Art Gover, Dave Jackson, and Sarah Wurzbacher. If using a different glyphosate product, be sure to check the product label to see if a surfactant is needed; some come premixed. Basal bark applications wet the entire circumference of the lower 12 to 18 inches of the stem.